For us this documentary is a way to tell the story of how desertification is making a negative impact on the lives of livestock and people in the Sahel of West Africa, and how the ripple effect is now causing a lot of conflict in the savanah regions which sometimes leads to losses of lives.In the documentary we would also like to highlight the great potential the area has, in order to encourage investors to invest in artificial Ranches and Eco villages.This a story that needs to be told, livestock are starving to death and so are the communities dependant on them.
The Life Empowerment Education Agriculture Foundation (LEEAF) is a social Enterprise dedicated to finding solutions to the problems between the Sahel and The Savannah in the west African region. The LEEAF project is making a documentary film and asking funds to highlight and bring to the worlds attention the effects of climate change on the livelihood of the inhabitants of the Sahel and how its aftermath is fuelling the crisis in the savanna, easily festering into social-cultural and ethno-religious crisis, which if not properly understood and managed could become the single most socially and economic binding variable across the inhabitants of the Sahels and Savanna.
The emphasis of the documentary is it time to to stop handing fishes to African but teach them to fish, outlining the huge potential for artificial ranches as seen in Saudia Arabia.Another major take away of the project in view is to showcase the huge and limitless opportunities in livestock management , inclusive and not limited to land generation, grass/ fodder production, fattening, milk production, bone meal, blood meal and leather and above all the export potentials for earning huge amounts of forex
More recently, Sahel region was affected by food and nutrition crises in 2005, 2010 and 2012, 2014 and 2016. Persistent civil conflicts in some of the countries have aggravated food insecurity with utmost urgent necessity of humanitarian assistances. Specifically, although animal husbandry had been noted as key contributors to Climate Change, rural poor households often depend on proceeds from livestock enterprises for meeting critical domestic needs and they serve as sources of credit and savings. Similarly, some residents in semi-arid Sahel belt practice transhumant livestock herding as the main source of income. Seasonal scarcity of forage and pasture due to inadequate rainfall is a critical limitation to animal husbandry in Sahel.
Historical and anthropogenic climate change pressure and rising intensive economic exploitation of fragile natural resources often pose serious threats to sustainable development in the Sahel belt. In many instances, changes in agricultural production systems have been propelled by climate change and persistent socio-economic dynamics, which often represent voluntary or involuntary reactions to extreme climatic situations However, comparative advantages in agricultural production position the Sahel belt for animal husbandry, which is one of the dominant means of livelihoods among the largely rural population.
There is the hypothesis that for some farm households, livestock are buffer stock to smoothen consumption expenditure fluctuations which may result from income shocks. Traditional livestock husbandry practices also distinguished Sahelian livestock farmers by their pastoralist production system with essentially transhumance or nomadic features. The livestock composition often portrays significant diversification with inter alia a mix of cattle, sheep, goat and donkey. Therefore, livestock is no doubt one of the major means of livelihoods among poor inhabitants of Sahel, although this sector is presently threatened by scarcity of pasture land due to inadequate rainfalls.
Changes in climate often result in livestock death due to inability to secure adequate water and pasture. These changes have necessitated significant adaptation with direct focus on sustaining farmers’ productivity through livelihoods’ diversification and adjustments in production systems. Recurrent drought in rural Sahel belt of West Africa is a development problem that often degenerates into other socio-economic challenges. Because the livelihood of the farmers in Sahel belt depend so much on livestock.
Help us show the world the problems and potential investors the solution by making a short documentary film.