One of the biggest problems of our time is the packaging of commodities that meet the needs of a growing population. The biggest problem is plastics. They do not decompose at all or only very slowly. They pose a threat to wildlife and nature. Transporting, storing and even recycling consumes a lot of energy, fuel, water.
We designed a household appliance that significantly simplifies the recycling cycle for plastics. It makes households and communities interested in local processing. All of this can save significant sums of money at the national economy level and its impact will be rapid.
At the moment, recycling plastic trash is a complicated process, which is still unable to recycle all the plastic waste generated. In underdeveloped countries, its effectiveness is even weaker.
In my opinion, a household appliance, which is essentially an electronic trash bucket, could reform the process by immediately melting and compressing a suitable plastic trash to a volume of 1/100. There are many ways to use a melted, brick-shaped and sized plastic piece before its processing.
-Storage and shipping costs a fraction of the cost for the family,
- the processing phase of the recycling process is already completed in the household
- If you landfill in this form, the required storage capacity will be drastically reduced,
- It does not decompose into Micro fibers, which is poisonous to nature in the air and in the water.
- Plastic bricks can be used for industrial or family construction, and as a raw material for almost every item recycled today.
The following types of plastic are used in households.
The markings on the packages make it easy to sort the plastics by type, if necessary, otherwise standard size bricks can be produced in a single device.
The melting point of plastics
The device can melt at any temperature of 200 to 250 degrees Celsius with virtually any type of plastic. The top opening of the container is designed to be the same size as the average vials so that the housewife does not have to cut the packing material. Immediately after washing, you can put it in the appliance and when the storage compartment is full, it will melt the plastic into the brick container by activating the melter function. When the bottom tank is full, the brick can be removed after the brick has cooled to room temperature.
Experiments are needed to directly melt whole plastic bottles or to design a shredding device.
The usefulness of bricks plays a key role. In environmental conscious households, environmental protection and economic benefits are sufficient motivation. However, if there is a monetary value to the brick, then people can be motivated to collect and recycle plastic waste from nature as well.
We plan to build the device in the size and capacity of a household, small community. Standard size bricks can be made from mixed heat-melt plastics or by separately treating the types of plastics shown on the packaging.