Save the Farmers life from Suicide in Tamilnadu State, India.                                                                     

SAVE FARMERS LIFE IN TAMILNADU FOR TOMORROW

 

 

Proposed By

 

 

                                                                            

 

 

No.3/1418, Thamarakki Road, Idayamelur Post,

Sivagangai Tk & Dt, Tamilnadu State, India. Pincode – 630562

Telephone/Fax: +914575-237292 Cell: +919976069263

Email: reachcomss@gmail.com

 

 

Introduction:

The Graham Kirkham Foundation in India was registered under Indian Trusts Act of 1882 with Reg. No – 85/2012, dated on 27th July 2012. Today, as a national level development trust (NGO), it extends its services to over thousand children, youth and women through various projects on education, healthcare, self employment, sustainable livelihood and advocacy.

 

Title of the project: SAFE FARMERS LIFE IN TAMILNADU FOR TOMMORROW

 

Area profile:

Proposed operational area: 32 Districts of Tamilnadu state, India.

 

Context analysis:

Life Threats caused by GAIL Natural Gas Pipelines, Methane Extraction and Radiation.

 

Methane Extraction Project In Cauvery Delta Districts:

Destroy of “Rice bowl” of Tamilnadu. Coal bed Methane extraction Project in Cauvery Delta region in Tamilnadu. Man Made Disaster from central Government.

 

The Cauvery Delta Coal-bed methane extraction project is currently undertaken by Great Eastern Energy Corporation Ltd (GEECL), a private company based in Gurgaon, Haryana. The Project aims to extract methane gas from coal-bed using environmentally destructive method of hydraulic fracturing in the cauvery river basin. The company received license to explore and extract CBM from THANJAVUR, NAGAPATTINAM and TIRUVARUR districts which are the major rice cultivating area of Tamilnadu.

The company Methane Gas Extraction: It is also called Hydraulic fracturing - or "fracking". It involves forcing water, sand, and chemicals into super-deep wells and then recovering the gas released during the process.

The Districts of Thanjavur, Nagapattinam, and Tiruvarur are knowm as the Granary of South India, thanks to the fertile lands of the Cauvery Delta. If we say that these lands are the major reason that the people of tamilnadu are blessed with food everyday, it would not be an exaggeration. These regions are now on the verge of an extreme ecological destruction due to the recent permit granted by the UPA Government to Giants like Reliance to extract methane from the beds of the delta. We can switch to alternate energy sources for our needs but can we eat money or food?

In this project comes again to existence, then the entire cauvery delta will be destroyed. The effects include

  • From this project, Delta region of Tamilnadu will pollute, ground water depresses, agriculture activity comes to standstill, and People of the region will suffer from various ill-diseases. 

 

  • During the extraction process polluted water will release to ground surface, which mix with drinking water source. As with all carbon based fossil fuels, burning coal bed methane releases carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere and contributes to global warming.

 

  • CBM production also involves leaks of fugitive methane into the atmosphere. Methane is rated as having 72 times more effect on global warming than CO2.

 

  • Over 25 years, Analysis of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of energy sources indicates that generating electricity from CBM, as with conventional natural gas, has less than half the greenhouse gas effect of coal.

 

  • Land will lose its fertility and much more.

 

 

 

GAIL Natural Gas Pipelines Project in Seven Districts:

Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) to lay natural gas pipelines across agriculture lands of seven districts would affect the farmers directly. Another Man Made Disaster from Central Government.

 

 

The GAIL pipeline was to be laid from Kochi to Bengaluru in Karnataka, and pass through farmland in Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode, Namakkal, Salem, Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri.

In this project comes to existence, the pipeline will cause irreparable damage to agricultural property of thousands of farmers in seven districts.  The effects include

 

  • The Project will pose a risk to human health, Small animals and birds,  Public safety and the environment.

 

  • The project will adversely affect lakhs of mango, jackfruit and coconut trees that are extensively grown in the project affected areas. It is estimated that over 12 lakh fruit-bearing trees will have to be uprooted for laying the pipes.

 

  • To causing fire and explosion hazards, leaks can kill vegetation, including large trees, and may release powerful greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

 

  • It is possible to assess the risk of irreversible damage to a human being for any accidental scenario by introducing specific vulnerability functions.

 

  • It will be damage for skin, digestive and aspiration system if it leaks and touches to human body. It may cause conflagration, explosion and pollution of water, air and soil.

 

  • It will be a health hazard both for people who are healthy and for those who are already ill. It is especially risky for people who have weakened immune systems, including those who are asthmatic, allergic, or chemically sensitive.

 

GAIL pipeline explosion:

On June 27, 2014 a massive fire broke out following a blast in Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) 18" size underground gas Pipeline in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The accident took place near Tatipaka refinery of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), about 180 km from state capital Vijayawada. About 18 people were reportedly killed and over 40 injured in the accident. The injured were shifted to hospitals at Amalapuram and Kakinada towns.

 

 

Nuclear power plants in Koodankulam:

Koodankulam nuclear power plant is a nuclear power station located in Tirunelveli district of Tamilnadu state in southern part of India. The plant’s first reactor is the first pressurized water reactor belonging to the light water reactor category in India and 21st nuclear power reactor in country. Construction on the plant began on 31rst March 2002 but faced several delays.  The plant was commissioned 6 years after the scheduled date and 12 years after the construction of the plant began.  Original cost of the 2units was Rs. 13171 crores but it was later revised to Rs.17270 crores. Russia advanced a credit of Rs. 6416 crores to both the units.

 

Following expected issues caused by the nuclear power plant are threatening innocent people in Tirunelveli District.

  • Radiation can penetrate deep inside the human body where they can damage biological cells and thereby initiate a cancer. If they strike sex cells, they can cause genetic diseases in progeny.

  • Other radiation problems- Transporting radiation materials to and from the plant is highly risk. If any accident happened in any place, it would lead to prolong radiation spread.  Its impact will be unimaginable.

  • Reactor accidents – If any reactor accident will occur, very high radiation doses can destroy body function and lead to death in 60 days. But such noticeable deaths would be expected in only 2% of reactors melt down accidents.  There would be over 100 in 0.2% of melt downs.

  • Radioactive waste produced by nuclear power plant- The radioactive waste products from the nuclear industry must be isolated from contact with people for very long time periods. The bulk of the radioactivity is contained in the spent fuel, which is quite small in volume and therefore easily handled with great care. This "high level waste" will be converted to a rock-like form and emplaced in the natural habitat of rocks, deep underground. The average lifetime of a rock in that environment is one billion years. If the waste behaves like other rock, it is easily shown that the waste generated by one nuclear power plant will eventually, over millions of years (if there is no cure found for cancer), cause one death from 50 years of operation.

  • Outlet of the highly boiled water discharged by the plant would destroy the plants and animal stocks living in the ocean. People thought that their livelihood like fishing nearby coastal area would be eliminated within few years by the outlet of boiled water.

 

Indian Neutrino Observatory in Bodi West Hills Region:

The Proposed site for Indian Neutrino Observatory is located in the Bodi West Hills Region, about 2 km from the nearest village pudukottai in pottipuram Panchayat, Theni District of Tamilnadu. The nearest major city is Madurai about 110 km away. It is also the nearest airport and a major railway station.

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is an effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory to study fundamental issues in science. It is a mega-science project under the XII five-year plan of Government of India with an investment of about 1350 crores, jointly funded by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST).The ambitious INO proposal has already drawn the worldwide attention of both national and international scientists. Once completed it will be the largest basic sciences project in India.

 The primary goal of the laboratory is the study of neutrinos from various natural and laboratory sources using an iron calorimeter (ICAL) detector. It is envisaged that such an underground facility will develop into a centre for other studies as well, in physics, biology, geology, etc., all of which will make use of the special conditions that exist deep underground. At present, nearly 26 institutions and about 100 scientists are involved in the INO collaboration with Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, being the host institution. This large collaboration is the first of its kind in the country and is expected to grow further. The impact of the INO project is very same of nuclear power plant projects.

 

Lessons Learnt from the previous movement activities of People:

 

Here below kindly find pointed reasons for the failures of so called People Movements against above said project:

  • Although the Movements had very strong base at the concern District level, large scale mass support over all Tamilnadu state has not been created (see more)

  • A hand full of NGOs and people leaders is enjoying sole ownership of the movement. They are not ready to take the issues in to large scale mass beyond the geographical limit of the above said project.

  • Communal card is playing key and crucial role to divide the unity of the people. It was powerful campaign carried forward by BJP which is now ruling party at Central Government of India that Christian community has ignited the issues and fueled till date.  It branded the movements working against said issues are against holistic development of the country.

  • Caste card is also strategically applied by the politicians. They spread propaganda that issues in connection with atomic power plants are for the fisher folk communities. Problems in relation with GAIL Natural GAS Pipelines Project and methane gas Project are for farmer communities.  As the results of this, general public is not paying good attention on the issues.

  • Some groups are capitalizing the GAIL and methane social issue, Which is a wrong, Bad Sign !!!

  • Some fake movements are just opposing only GAIL and GEECL Projects. But not ONGC, Sterlite and NLC Projects. This shows their true colour and face, their intention is to capitalize money from private players, and not to genuinely save Cauvery basin and concern districts!!!

  • Legal interventions against the above told issues were not obtained favorable judgments from Supreme Court. (see more)

  • Pooulagin Nanbarkal (friends of the earth) a group of environment activists registered a case in Supreme Court bench but it told that the court could not intervene against the Govt. activities and its policies.

  • Media do not give enough attention on these issues. (see more)

  • Press some times wrote news articles on the radiation spread by the atomic power plants, substandard safety measures in the plants, accidents happening in it and evils and loss caused by the GAIL and Methane project. Many intellectuals are in favor of said projects.  TV channels have tightened their lips and eyes.

  • General public unaware on the radiation, mysteries behind the projects and never mind the scientific impacts.(see more)

  • Majority of the population are illiterates and they are unable to understand the scientific truths of atom, half life period of the uranium wastes produced by the atomic plants and atom physics. Frequent and continuous power cut in tamilnadu affected all communities walking from various level of development. Both Central and State Govt. carried out campaign that atomic power plant is required to meet the needs of the power in the State.  Although cost of power produced by these plants is always greater than wind, thermal and water units, Govt. and atom scientists gave a false justification that atomic power is very cheap and cost effective.  Innocent general public accepted this argument blindly and irrationally.

  • People do not know that the atomic power plants have been shut down in many parts of the world (in European countries, America etc.) They are unknown the worst accidents happened in the atomic power plants in various countries.

  • Central Government of India and Russian Government are the great partners in the atomic power project in koodankulam. Local Politicians and national level corporate sector is the partner in Methane gas project.  They use all powers against the people movement and break the solidarity of the local communities. (see more)

  • Many cases were filed under National Security Act on the hundreds of innocent people and leaders of the Movement. They are in position to face police and court activities as well as spend large money for that case. Funds of the NGOs and volunteers involved in the movement were frozen and their activities were severely disturbed by police and detective agencies of the Government.

  • INO project is not familiar for the large mass. Impact of the project implementation was not revealed clearly. When stones in the hill site were bored by the giant machines, heavy stone dust was spread around the farms that destroyed the plants. The dust brought some respiratory diseases and disorders. Local communities took strong initiatives against the project. Protest movement of them was darkened.

 

 

Rationale:

Collectives, people movements, volunteers, farmer associations and NGOs working against the GAIL Natural Gas Pipelines Project, Methane gas project, Nuclear power plants and INO should be brought under an umbrella organization by networking efforts. When the general public and manpower are consolidated and claim safe life by the large mass based people movements, the optimum attention of the State and Central Governments will be attracted that would be pressured them to give up the projects. In addition to this mass movement can generate great awareness on the issues and lead the general public to review the projects on scientific truths and environmental impacts. Through the networking, we will form adhoc pressure groups in each district and corporations. It is because of prolong awareness is needed to mobilize innocent and illiterate mass. These groups will move with competent authorities of the State Govt. and pressure them to drop out the above told projects. 

Like minded organizations are having less knowledge on the issues, evil impacts of the projects and atomic physics.  Misconception on the issues has already been created by the scientists, local politicians and Main Govt. authorities.  Improving their understanding on the given subjects is needed to bring their cooperation and solidarity.

Campaign by various methods should be imparted to mobilize the large mass into the proposed movements. To attract the mass and give awareness input in easy means, cultural events and theatre skills should be applied according to the people mind set.  Press and media coverage can play key role in the proposed movement. Frequent meetings with press and media can yield greater effect. If it is less, we could not achieve desired results. It is not necessary to note you that strength of the large mass is the main instrument to pressure both State and Central Governments.

Each and every step should be documented in order to monitor and evaluate the implementation and performance of the collectives.  It is the only tool for us for reporting and learning lessons.

The project should be treated as urgent action because we have very short period but we have to work fast for carry out all activities given in the proposal. Delaying can affect the expected outcomes and impacts. We believe that Tamil New Year day of India on April 14th, 2016 is a golden opportunity for us. Movements against the said issues on that day will attract the attention of entire nation and turn both Govts within a day.  It is ensured fact that the movement will be the great challenge to maintain law and order in Tamilnadu State.  This situation will surely pressured the Govt. to hear the demands of the movement and take up some steps which are anticipated by the movement and network. We believe, these are the only activities to overcome the failures listed above and prosperous road for achieve success.

 

Objectives:

 

Principal objectives:

  • Claim radiation free environment in Tamilnadu and ensure safe life for 7 crore peoples

  • Safe guard the coastal environment and protect the live stock in the ocean

  • Protect the farmers from the Gail Natural Gas Pipelines and Methane gas projects.

 

Specific Objectives:

  • To collect and bring the activists, movements and NGOs under an umbrella network for a common goal

  • To prepare pressure groups to have better understanding on the issues

  • To spread the campaigns in 32 Districts against Nuclear power plant in koodankulam, INO project in Theni District and Methane gas project in Cauvery Delta Districts of Thanjavur, Nagapattinam & Tiruvarur and GAIL Natural gas pipeline Project in Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode, Namakkal, Salem, Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri.

  • To promote people’s protest overall Tamilnadu

  • To document the project activities and the facts of the atomic power plant, INO, Methane gas project and GAIL Natural Gas Pipelines project.

 

Brief of the project:

We have already made good contacts with the chief functionaries of the state level networks. They are ready to convene urgent meetings with their dynamic and active members of the network and partners.  By this project we are going to form two mass networks that are north and south regions.  We will conduct 2 days consultation meetings with 400 NGOS, collectives and Movements per day for a region. By this effort, we will cover overall Tamilnadu in support of 800 collectives. Thereafter, 3 motivational Seminars for each 100 participants per day will be conducted for a total of 2 days in 2 regions. Environmental and health impacts brought by the above told projects will be detailed by the experts. Effects of social and economical life of the tamilnadu will be discussed.  Pressure groups will be organized at District and corporation level.  It will plan the campaign activities and protest movements.  In association with network partners and members, each pressure group will take up campaigns and cover their districts.  Frequent press and media meetings will be organized and plan the protest movements according to the situation.  On April 14th, large households throughout Tamilnadu will carry out protest movements like hoisting black flags on the top of their houses/ wearing black badges in their shirts/wearing black shirts/form human chain in the mass pulling locations etc.

 

Strategy:

 

  • Promotion of solidarity

 

  • Networking (see more)

          =By the consultation meetings with likeminded NGO, collectives and people movement representatives

          =Promote collective movement and NGO initiatives

          =Plan and support joint ventures

 

  • Formation and strengthening the pressure groups (see more)

          =Pressure groups setting among the collectives, Movements and NGOs

          =Conduct motivational meetings on need basis.

          =planning and preparatory meetings

 

 

  • Preparation towards protest movements

 

  • Preparatory efforts (see more)

          =Motivational seminars

          =plan the campaigns and protest movement at district level

 

  • Campaigns in Corporations, District head quarters and important cities (see more)

          =Sending SMS and emails

          =Cycle rally/ procession

          =Poster displaying

          =Distribution of handbills

          =Auto rickshaw propaganda

          =Public Meetings with street theatre

 

  • Protest Movement through dynamic actions

 

  • Protest Movement in August 15 Independence day (see more)

           =Hoisting black flags in the houses and mass pulling locations overall Tamilnadu

           =Wearing black shirts/black badges

           =Human chain

           =procession

           =Press & media meetings

 

  • Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting

 

  • Documentation (see more)

          =Collect and document field level reports

          =Photos and short videos

          =News paper and TV coverage

          =Social media coverage.

 

Looking for following changes:

  • Restriction of anti-people policies of Govt.

  • Initiating debates in Tamilnadu assembly and Parliament of India

  • Initiating debates in TV channels

  • Stopping the establishment of remaining 5 atomic power plants in koodankulam

  • Staying the Gail Natural Gas Pipelines, INO and Methane gas project

  • Stopping new atomic or other same projects application in Tamilnadu

  • Improving safe life of people living in Tamilnadu

  • Bring challenges against the projects which caused irreparable environmental damages and defile the eco-system

  • Creation of better understanding on the environmental and health impacts of the above noted projects

  • Continuous mobilization of large mass at state level against the above said Projects

  • Better coordination among the collectives, volunteers, people movements and NGOs.

 

Budget:

Sl.No

Details of the expenditure

Amount in

INR

1.

Consultation meetings with network members and partners: 20 participants a meeting @ 10 meetings a day @ 2 days @ 2 regions @ Rs.400 per head for meals = Rs.320,000

 

Arrangement cost: Rs.4,000 per meeting  @ 10 meetings a day @ 2 days @ 2 regions = Rs.160,000

 

T.A for the participants:Rs.250 per head@ a total of 800 participants = Rs. 200,000

 

Travel and accommodation for the coordinating agent =Rs.125,000

805,000

2

Motivational seminars:100 participants @ 3 seminars per day @ 2 days @ Rs.400 per head for meals @ 2 regions = Rs.480,000

 

Rs.4,000 per meeting  @ 3 seminars per day @ 2 days @ 2 regions=Rs. 48,000

 

600 participants a region @ 2 regions @ Rs. 250 as TA = Rs.300,000

 

Reading Materials 600 participants @ Rs. 1000 for reading materials with file and bag =Rs.600,000

 

Travel and accommodation for the coordinating agent =Rs.100,000

 

Honorarium for the experts those who handle the sessions Rs.5000 a seminar @ 3 seminars @ 2 days @ 2 regions = Rs.60,000

15,88,000

3.

Campaign activities: Rs.1050,000 a district for campaign activities @32 Districts of Tamilnadu = Rs.3,36,00,000

3,36,00,000

4.

Coordination expenditures at District level pressure groups

Rs.120,000 a district @ 32 districts = Rs.38,40,000

38,40,000

 

5.

Token expenditures to the protest

Rs.200,000 a district @ 32 districts =Rs.64,00,000

64,00,000

6.

Documentation inclusive of press meet

Rs.125,000 a district @ 32 districts = Rs.40,00,000

40,00,000

 

7.

Administration and coordination expenditures of the applicant

65,00,000

 

                                                                                 Total

5,67,33,000

 

Total grant request is about Rs. 5,67,33,000 (Rupees five crores sixty seven lakhs and thirty three thousand)

We count on your help. We pray and look up to you with out-stretched hands for immediate help. Do not turn away from the humble plea of the innocent Farmers. Considering ‘A friend in need is a friend indeed’ we assure and stand by you for proper implementation of the project supported by you.

May the Merciful Lord and all the saints and angels touch your hearts with fires of love for the suffering Farmers.

 

- The Graham Kirkham Foundation in India – Comss.                                            

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