Cockroaches have been proposed as a high quality, efficient and sustainable alternative protein source for animals especially poultry and piggery (Veldkamp, et al., 2012). Using cockroach as a can contribute to global food security by providing a sustainable alternative to existing protein sources. The outcome is a valuable protein product that can be processed into feed additives for aquaculture, piggery and poultry. The protein is produced using less land, energy water and resources, while also producing significantly reduced greenhouse gasses. The Dutch Ministry of EL&I initiated this study early 2012 in order to explore application of cockroach as a sustainable source of feed. This initiative identifies specifically the opportunities and limitations for use of cockroach in feed (Veldkamp, et al., 2012)8.
According to (International Feed Industry Federation, 2016)9, in 2011, the world compound feed production was an estimated 870 million tones. The turnover of global commercial feed manufacturing generated an estimated annual turnover and sales value equivalent to US$350 billion worldwide.
The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that the world will have to produce 70% more food by 2050 due to the increasing population which is estimated to be 9.5 billion by 2050. Concerning animal protein production, the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) believes that the production of meat (poultry/swine/beef) will even double. This poses several challenges to the global capacity to provide enough feed. Currently, important protein ingredients for animal feed are fishmeal, processed animal proteins and soybean meal. However, in the European Union the use of processed animal proteins in animal feed is prohibited due to the TSE legislation. Globally land availability for soya cultivation is limited, while marine overexploitation has reduced the abundance of small pelagic forage fish from which fish meal and fish oil is derived. The growing scarcity of resources to produce these increasingly demanded ingredients has doubled prices during the last five years, while it already represents 60-70% of production costs. Indeed, this new approach to animal feed protein production, which is environmentally friendly, toxin-free, sustainable, and highly nutritious, will have a significant return on investment for investors in the space