Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Animals

To enable Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for all animals, domestic & wild, to greatly enhance and accelerate recovery from any injury or illness

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This project is using Flexible funding and will receive all pledges made by 9:30am 18th December 2017

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy [“HBOT”] for Animals


Our mission is to make the provision of HBOT available and affordable to all species of animals, domestic and wild

see: www.hypod-vet.org


The HyPod (Hyperbaric Chamber)
 A new economic, practical paradigm in pressurised environments providing:

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (“HBOT”)

For the small                                       And the  large
                   
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The wonderful therapeutic value of HBOT treatments to aid health and healing has long   been known and accepted by medical science.Doctors worldwide now regularly treat their human patients in HBOT environments to significantly increase the effectiveness of most medical and surgical procedures, from the very simple to the most complex, from the routine to the uncommon emergency.However, its equally therapeutic value for animal welfare and veterinary treatments is not well-documented and because of the high cost of providing HBOT environments, it is generally only available for the most valuable of animals with rich owners.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy - “HBOT”

An established and respected procedure in medical science worldwide.     
     HBOT is administered to patients, both humans and animals, within a closed, pressurised and manipulated environment, wherein the atmosphere (breathing air):

A)  is kept very rich in oxygen (far more than the normal of 21% and up to 100% pure)
B)  is kept pressurised to between 1.5 and 3 times normal atmospheric pressure.
(usually calibrated as 1.5 to 3 bar. Normal air pressure is measured as 1 atmosphere or about 1 bar).
C)  carbon dioxide and other noxious gases are kept within defined limits.

     Just being in such a pressurised oxygen rich environment for a period of time that can be as short as 30 minutes or up to many hours, has been proven to be very therapeutic (now even considered a cosmetic aid). However the true therapeutic values of HBOT are for patients, human or animal, who are undergoing various medical treatments or surgical procedures (while in an HBOT environment).

 HBOT - How does work ?   
     The normal air (gases) breathed by living creatures, contains circa 78% nitrogen and just under 21% oxygen. The remaining 1% or so is made up of trace gases, such as carbon dioxide, argon, krypton, methane, neon, helium and hydrogen etc etc, together with water valour.
     Red blood cells contain ‘haemoglobin’ which absorbs (takes up) oxygen from the lungs, transporting it in a dissolved form to all parts of the body. At normal atmospheric pressure, even rapid or deep breathing hardly increases the amount of oxygen carried by the bloodstream. And even breathing pure oxygen only slightly increases the oxygen content.
    However, breathing while in a pressurised environment which is very oxygen rich, greatly enhances the oxygen-carrying ability of the blood due to oxygen being infused into the plasma as well as being carried by the red blood cells.

HBOT – Why does it enhance and accelerate healing  ?    
     
An abundant oxygen supply greatly stimulates the growth in bone and soft tissue of new blood vessels, which during and after medical treatments and surgical procedures, allows an increase in oxygen-rich blood reaching the damaged or infected parts of the body.
    There is a decrease in swelling and/or inflammation, allowing more blood and therefore more oxygen to flow more freely to the effected areas.
    A high oxygen level increases the ability of the white blood cells to kill bacteria in infected tissues. Anaerobic bacteria are killed directly by the high level of oxygen reaching infected tissues, even if normal circulation has been affected.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Animals

HBOT - its History, Procedures and its Science

Short History To Date
    For human beings the knowledge of the therapeutic benefits of HBOT go back several hundred years, but did not really become mainstream until investigative medical techniques and advanced diagnostic equipment could provide unequivocal evidence of its significant therapeutic and healing properties.
    The other drawback was the additional costs and inconvenience of the providing the process itself, resulting in physical complications for the provision of any medical treatment or surgical procedure. That is to say, it requires the complication of encapsulating the patient in a pressurised, oxygen rich environment during and possibly after their medical procedures.
    However, as available finance for any medical advanced science continued to rise and manufacturing methods and the effectiveness of materials improved, HBOT has now become an accepted procedure.
    In the early 2000s, the cost/effectiveness equation moved in such a positive direction that HBOT for animals because another tool available to veterinaries and animal hospitals. Naturally, the most valuable animals benefited first, being thoroughbred racehorses. Now dogs are also likely to be included in the domestic animals being treated.
    However, because of the costs and physical requirements, it is still considered a ‘luxury add-on’ additional treatment when it comes to the less exotic animals.

The Procedures and Equipment.
    HBOT can be administered for various reasons and protocols.
i) just to further improved the heath of an already healthy animal.
ii) to speed up an animal’s recuperation because of poor heath or an accident
iii) to speed up an animal’s recuperation after a medical treatment or surgical procedure.
iv) to aid the effectiveness of a medical procedure
v) to support an on-going medical procedure (whereby the surgeons or vets are also subject to HBOT)
    The unit (equipment) that allows HBOT to be administered is called a ‘Hyperbaric Chamber’ (“HBC”), which is a enclosed, airtight environment (large or small) that can easily remain intact when pressurised up to 3 times (3 atmospheres or 3 bar) that of normal outside air pressure which is designated as 1 atmosphere (just over 1 bar).
     A patient can be alone in the HBC or be accompanied by humans who need to administer to the patient. It is possible to treat more than one patient at a time, dependant on the physical size of the HBC.
    Prior to HBOT treatment if the animal patient needs to undergo some type of medical procedure prior to being given HBOT treatments, then this medical procedure is completed first. (it is possible that medical and surgical procedures can be implemented during HBOT, but the HBC would need to be large enough to accommodate the patient and any required surgeon/s/vets/grooms etc)
    The patient is confined within the HBC and it is securely sealed. Then the HBC is pressurised with very oxygen rich air (or even pure oxygen) until its internal pressure has increased to as high as 3 atmospheres. Any potential build-up of CO2 or other noxious gases is monitored and expunged if necessary.
     The patient will remain in the HBOT environment for a period pre-specified by the surgeon or veterinary, varying from 30 minutes to several hours. The length of time depending on the reason for the HBOT treatment. It is likely that the patient will be recommended to have multiple treatment sessions, undergoing up to 10 or more for minor conditions and possibly more than 50 treatments for severe medical conditions, such as bone or tissue infections.
     At the end of the session, the HBC is carefully and slowly depressurised and the patient released.
    HBOT can be administered to support general good heath, support the immune system, assist certain antibiotics or for an extensive variety medical problems from the minor to very serious. Including external and internal wounds, surgical aftermath, inflammation, infertility, bacterial infections etc.

The Science
    
The medical science of HBOT is relatively simple and straightforward. The healing and therapeutic values of HBOT are solely based on most living entities ability to use the life giving properties and therapeutic action of the element we call oxygen (O2 in its gaseous form). The simple fact is that an abundant supply of oxygen within the bloodstream, tissues and bone marrow will significant aid and accelerate healing. An abundant oxygen supply greatly stimulates the growth of new blood vessels in bone and soft tissue, which during and after medical treatments and surgical procedures, allows an increase in oxygen-rich blood reaching the damaged or infected parts of the body.    

There is a decrease in swelling and/or inflammation, allowing more blood and therefore more oxygen to flow more freely to the effected areas.
    A high oxygen level increases the ability of the white blood cells to kill bacteria in infected tissues. Anaerobic bacteria are killed directly by the high level of oxygen reaching infected tissues, even if normal circulation has been affected.

Note of Caution: As always, there can be ‘too much of a good thing’. That is, too much oxygen at to higher pressure (say over 5 bar) over to long a period can be detrimental. It can over saturate the body with oxygen; It is called ‘Oxygen Toxicity’. Sub-aqua divers who dive to extreme depths for long period can suffer from it, so they breathe a special ‘gas mixes’ which is low oxygen content.

The HyPod Veterinary Compression Project

The Provision of ‘Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy’ [‘HBOT]’ for animals, from the very small to the very large

Based on the HyPod Multi-Purpose Generic Decompression Chambers

    The HyPod multi-purpose ‘Compression Chambers’ can be manufactured in a variety of shapes, from cylindrical to a sphere and in any sizes, from 25 centimeters to 100 meters.
      Although practiced for over 100 years and thought to be somewhat pseudoscience, for the past decade plus, established medical science now recognizes as authentic, the true therapeutic value of HBOT. In that various standard and advanced medical treatments and surgical procedures are many times more effective if administered in a pressurized oxygen rich environment. The patient only requires to be treated under relatively minor pressures, of say not more than three times atmospheric (circa 3 bar, when normal pressures are 1 bar).

     The significant therapeutic values of being treated in such environments are undoubted and this applies just as much to animals as it does for people. So the HyPod Veterinary Project aims to concentrate solely on animal patients, particularly horses and dogs.
      The HyPod veterinary system has been designed to provide multiple types and sizes of ‘compression habitats’, suitable for all veterinary needs, from large animal hospitals to local veterinary clinics. HyPod research to date as shown that manufacturing a cylindrical shape similar to a sausage is the simplest and most practical.

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Portable Hyperbaric Hospital for Large Animals such as race horses


      We intend the first deployable chambers will have dimensions that accommodate a horse, a groom and a vet, and will functioning at 1.8 bar, with a rich oxygen content. Its weight will be between 22,000 and 25,000 Kgs. Such a structure will only be the pressure hull treated with internal and external coatings. However, we will have to first construct a manufacturing unit.

9a9df87c879c44c4dc956565bc8a3a10ebae1997A manufacturing unit to build large structures

     The maximum size limitation of a cylindrical structure is currently 10 meters by 100 meters due to handling problems and woven material production techniques. But it would be straightforward to make several such structures that could be joined end to end, possibly like a spoked wheel. These structures would be woven from a composite material to our design.

  A single Animal chamber, could be used for up to 14 sitting hyperbaric patients

The HyPod flexible composites are designed to meet decompression requirements and withstand very rough and abrasive treatment in the harshest of environments and working practices.

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NOTE: Under very high pressures (of say higher than 5 bar), breathing air with normal oxygen content should never be carried of any length of time, because the therapeutic and life sustaining nature of oxygen can go into reverse (known as ‘Oxygen Toxicity). At prolonged high pressures, air containing the normal oxygen content of 30% can be dangerous and detrimental to any person having to experience these conditions for any length of time. However there is well known technology to alleviate this potential problem for any situation where a living entity has to endure such conditions. An example would be sub-aqua divers working at depths where they encounter significantly high pressures. They can do so relatively safely by breathing special ‘gas mixes’ with low oxygen content.

HBOT - International Veterinary Accreditations

Although the science and therapeutic benefits of hyperbaric oxygen therapy have been known as far back in history as the 1700s, when experimentation began to be documented in scientific journals, its use in veterinarian medicine did not really get traction until into the 2000s. There is now a plethora of articles and reports from world renown veterinarian practitioners and scientists which fully describe and accredit the therapeutic and healing value of animal HBOT.

Below are hyperlinks to an example of such articles, just a few of those available on the Internet. 

http://www.thehorse.com/articles/28953/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-horses

https://hagyard.com/Hyperbaric-Medicine.html

http://veterinarynews.dvm360.com/delivering-supplemental-oxygen-dogs-and-cats-practical-review

http://veterinarynews.dvm360.com/use-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-small-animal-medicine

http://ecpd-vetnurse.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Oxygen-Therapy-Notes.pdf

http://www.equinews.com/article/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-horses

http://www.vetfolio.com/cardiology/equine-essentials-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-horses

http://njequine.net/equine-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AkNX46h4C0I

http://veterinarynews.dvm360.com/equine-facilities-claim-positive-results-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy

https://www.vetary.com/dog/condition/oxygen-therapy

http://www.cliniciansbrief.com/sites/default/files/attachments/ASK_Oxygen%20Therapy.pdf

http://www.americanveterinarian.com/journals/amvet/2016/december2016/the-use-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-small-animal-medicine