Helping Russia's human rights defenders to travel outside Russia; raising awareness of human rights violations. Russia's human rights defenders need to be able to travel outside Russia to attend conferences, seminars and other events, not least in order to raise international awareness about human rights violations taking place in Russia. However, the reduction in funding for Russia's human rights organizations in recent years means that key individuals lack the money to travel. This project plans to respond to this demand by funding up to three activists to travel to EU countries over the next few months. We will report back to our funders on the trips made. If this call for funding is successful, we shall make similar calls in the future. The costs involved include: visas; return flight from Russia; accommodation in country of stay; small daily living expenses, including local travel costs at destination.